Childhood Brain Tumor Treatment May Hamper Adult Survivors

THURSDAY, Aug. 9, 2018 — More than half of adults who survived childhood brain and spinal cord cancers don’t live fully independent lives, a new study finds.

Researchers at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tenn., assessed more than 300 survivors in areas such as employment, marital status, ability to drive, independent living and need for help with routine or personal care needs.

“Survival rates have improved dramatically over the past several decades. Unfortunately, we know that survivors are not achieving personal and professional milestones consistent with what we would expect healthy young or middle-aged adults to attain,” corresponding author Tara Brinkman said in a hospital release. She is an assistant member of the faculty at St. Jude’s.

About 40 percent of survivors were fully independent; about one-third were considered non-independent, meaning they need significant help; and the rest were moderately independent, meaning they can do some things expected of an adult, but were not fully independent.

Aggressive treatments such as cranial spinal radiation, younger age at diagnosis, and hydrocephalus with shunt placement were strong predictors of non-independence, the study authors said in a St. Jude’s news release. Thinking impairment was the strongest predictor of whether these patients were able to function independently.

In the moderately independent group, problems with strength, aerobic capacity and the ability to perform physical functions were associated with non-independence, but thinking impairment was not a factor.

The study was published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Brinkman said early intervention may help survivors achieve their best possible physical and mental outcomes.

More information

The American Cancer Society has more on childhood brain and spinal cord tumors.

Posted: August 2018

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