Resistance to antibiotics to take in the world, according to the world health organization (WHO) alarming proportions. “Antibiotic resistance threatens a hundred years of medical progress, destroy,” warned WHO Director-General, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus in Geneva. To find a solution for this, is one of the most urgent challenges in the health sector.
The WHO has therefore divided the existing antibiotics in three new categories. In the first category, you designate funds to be used for serious infections in a targeted manner. In the second, those which hold each of the health system, but only in exceptional administer cases, in the case of certain infections should. In the third category, the resources intended to be used only as a last resort for life-threatening diseases used.
Antibiotics ineffective against viruses
In the first category, drugs are listed that are effective against specific micro-organisms, so no broad-spectrum antibiotics. These can be found mainly in the second and third category. Doctors would have to handle according to the WHO, more economical with them. The risk of development of resistance could be reduced.
Of antibiotic resistance, Doctors are not talking, if patients respond to an antibiotic, that is, if the diseases have found bacteria ways to do to escape the antibiotic. That bacterial resistance develops, is a natural process and part of the Evolution: Meet the pathogens to antibiotics, should actually be the death of all. Due to random mutations in the genome, it may be, however, that a few protection have established mechanisms to combat the antibiotics and survive. The excessive use of drugs in patients and in animal fattening accelerates this process.
Some bacteria resist all of the antibiotics that were once against you. For patients infected with such bacteria, then there are hardly any chances of recovery.
In many countries, to be used according to WHO data, more than half of the antibiotics in the wrong. Therefore, patients antibiotics for viral infections such as the flu, although the funds will only fight bacterial infections. Also, you get broad-spectrum antibiotics, when a more targeted drug would be better.
Of particular concern is the spread of resistance among organisms such as Acinetobacter, Escherichia Coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, which were repeated often in hospitals was. They may cause pneumonia, blood poisoning, and wound infections.
The WHO refers to the new classification system AWaRe – the Acronym forms the English Verb for “to understand” or “to see”. The A stands for Access or access and is the first category. Wa stands for Watch, or “watch” and describes the second category. Re stands for Reserve, means “to hold back”, the third category.